Sunday, January 5, 2014

Basic knowledge about the skin

The skin is considered as the first line of defense because it is an organ that covers all internal organs all over the body. The skin represents our physical and visual image because it is the first thing that other individuals see when we go outside. Environmental forces such as the climate, trauma, and outside stress are usually responsible for producing shear force that hurts our skin. This is the reason why people are always taking care of their skin at all times so that they are not vulnerable to diseases, trauma, and physical force that would cause injury to their skin. Our body needs the skin so that it can prolong its life from any sorts of dangerous threats or exposures that leads to harm.

Parts of the skin:

1. Epidermis: It is the topmost layer of the skin where it is the most exposed to the environment. This includes heat from the sun, wind, and contact from other objects.When you hold your skin, you are holding your skin's epidermal layer. This particular layer is always at risk for injury, which can be evidenced by scars all over your body. Epidermis is always the main part of the skin that receives lotion or any other creams that is applied by the person. It is also the part where it receives the most dirt than any other layer of the skin.

2. Dermis: This is the second part of your skin that is located just under the epidermis but above the subcutaneous layer. This is the layer where the top endings of nerve are attached. Dermis is considered as an internal tissue because capillaries could already reach this particular layer to nourish both dermis and epidermal layers. This is considered as the most sensitive part of the skin layer for it contains nerve endings that are more sensitive due to the branching of end nerves.

3. Subcutaneous layer: This is the innermost portion of the skin where fat layer is located. It is considered as the bloodiest and the most sensitive part of the skin. The reason is that there are more nerves and blood vessels that are stored in this particular layer than the epidermis and dermis. It is now then barricaded by a thin membrane called as peritoneum.

Ways to care for the skin:

1. Always drink plenty of fluids: This is to nourish the skin through hydration. When the skin is constantly fed with water, it constantly maintains its moisture. Our body is composed of 70% water, which is an important element that should be always reconsidered to strengthen our skin's physiological balance. Water promotes elasticity in the skin to make it look and feel softer. Drinking at least 8 glasses of water a day can help to nourish the skin with essential nutrient materials in order to improve its physiological condition over time.

2. Eat fruits and vegetables: There is nothing better than eating natural sources of nutrients. Fruits and vegetables are always the best sources of essential nutrients in our body. This is to improve function such as protecting our body from infection. Fruits and vegetables always contain essential vitamins and minerals that helps to keep our skin healthy and fights against infection. Fruits and vegetables are always recommended by health care professionals because it helps to prevent our skin to suffer from abnormalities.

3. Take a bath regularly: Bathing yourself regularly helps to eliminate all kinds of hardened dirt all over your skin. All dirt could cause injuries as well as contamination that will risk your body to acquire infection in the future especially when these dirt will not be removed as soon as possible. We can take a bath at least once or twice a day. Taking a bath daily helps to prevent our skin from acquiring dangerous substances that may cause allergies and diseases in the future.

4. Putting moisturizer: There are different creams as well as body lotion that are available in the market that offers extra nourishment to the skin. These are formulated lotions and creams that can help our skin to be nourished. Lotions and other creams are formulated substances that aims to prevent dryness and irritations to the skin of an individual. Moisturizers are recommended to be applied every after shower or any activity that involves skin washing.

5. Using protective clothing: Skin is always vulnerable to shear stress. This includes foreign objects that would potentially incinerate, scrape, lacerate, and cause abrasion that can cause bleeding, allergic reaction, and scar. Clothing helps to protect the skin by creating another protective barrier to prevent any risk of injury or skin related damages.

No comments:

Post a Comment